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2018屆百校聯盟TOP20四月聯考(全國Ⅰ卷)英語試題及答案

時間:2018-04-28來源:網絡  山西高考

2018屆百校聯盟TOP20四月聯考(全國Ⅰ卷)英語試題及答案2018屆百校聯盟TOP20四月聯考(全國Ⅰ卷)

英語試題

第一部分 聽力(共兩節,滿分30分)

做題時,先將答案標在試卷上。錄音內容結束后,你將有兩分鐘的時間將試卷上的答案轉涂到答題卡上。

第一節(共5小題;每小題1.5分,滿分7.5分)

聽下面5段對話。每段對話后有一個小題,從題中所給的ABC三個選項中選出最佳選項。聽完每段對話后,你都有10秒鐘的時間來回答有關小題和閱讀下一小題。每段對話僅讀一遍。

1. What is the distance between the hotel and the Temple?

A. 14 kilometers. B. 40 kilometers. C. 14 miles.

2. Why does the woman look happy?

A. She has met the new manager.

B. She has become the new manager.

C. She has been praised by the manager.

3. When will the speakers leave for the party?

A. 6: 40. B. 6:30. C. 7:00.

4. Why will the woman be homesick?

A. The camp is too long.

B. The camp is too hard for her.

C. She can’t contact her family.

5. Where may the dialogue take place?

A. In a drinks shop. B. In a restaurant. C. In a supermarket.

第二節(共15小題;每小題1.5分,滿分22.5分)

聽下面5段對話或獨白,每段對話或獨白后有幾個小題,從題中所給的ABC三個選項中選出最佳選項聽每段對話或獨白前,你將有時間閱讀各個小題,每小題5秒鐘;聽完后,各小題將給出5秒鐘的作答時間每段對話或獨白讀兩遍。

聽第6段材料,回答第67題。

6. Why does the woman need help?

A. She can’t wash her clothes herself.

B. She is far away from 4th Avenue.

C. She has no time to get her dry-cleaning.

7. What will the man do next?

A. Pick up the dry-cleaning. B. Go to 5th Avenue. C. Write a receipt.

聽第段材料,回答第89題。

8. What are the speakers preparing to do?

A. Go to school. B. Go to work. C. Go to see the boss.

9. How will the speakers go?

A. By bus. B. On foot. C. By car

聽第8段材料,回答第1012題。

10. Where might the speakers be?

A. In a coffee house. B. At the man’s home. C. At the woman’s home.

11. When did the man decide to make his own coffee?

A. After buying a coffee maker.

B. After running out of instant coffee.

C. After drinking real coffee in a coffee house.

12. How would the woman like her coffee?

A. Black B. White. C. Weak

聽第9段材料,答第1316題。

13. What was the reason for the woman’s not sleeping well?

A. Her dog barked all night. B. She was too tired. C. Her dog looked like a wolf.

14. Which of the following say “Buzz”?

A. Birds. B. Dogs. C. Bees.

15. How does a bird make sounds in English?

A. Jiji. B. Tweet. C. Weng.

16. What are the speakers talking about?

A. Different animals in England and China.

B. Different pronunciations in English and Chinese.

C. Different animal sounds in English and Chinese.

聽第10段材料,回答第1720題。

17. For what did the speaker go to Hong Kong?

A. Holiday. B. Business. C. Study.

18. What was the speaker probably doing at 3:00 am?

A. Drinking in the bar. B. Watching TV. C. Sleeping.

19. How did the speaker get to the airport at last?

A. By bus. B. By taxi. C. On foot.

20. How long did the speaker wait at the airport?

A. 5 hours. B. 6 hours. C. 7 hours.

第二部分 閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分40分)

第一節(共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)

閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的ABCD四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

A

Day 1 Arrival

Upon arrival in Kunming, your Kunming tour guide will wait for you at the airport and help you to transfer to the hotel.

Day 2 Kunming

[09 : 00 -- 09 : 30]

Our guide will meet you up at the hotel lobby and visit the Spring City.

[09 : 30 -- 11 : 30]

Enjoy morning leisure tour to Green lake which is peaceful and a public park for local people. You will see musicians singing and playing and you can also take a paddle boat out and relax on the lake. After that, go directly to Flower and Bird Market, which is the biggest and most exciting market in Kunming where antiques, jewelry, and other handmade crafts can be found. This is a perfect place for entertainment and observing local lifestyle.

[11 : 30 -- 14 : 00]

Enjoy local special food, Yunnan Rice Noodles. And drive to Stone Forest.

[14 : 00 -- 16 : 00]

Visit the Stone Forest which is known as the First Wonder of the World and for typical

karst landform. The magnificent, strange and steep landscape of the Stone Forest crates countless labyrinthine vistas, all of which feature stones in various formations. Animals, plants, and even human figures can be found here.

[16 : 00 -- 18 : 00]

Drive back to Kunming city. For evening activity, we highly recommend the Yunnan

Impression Show Dynamic Yunnan as an option.

Day 3 Kunming Dali (by air)

[14 : 30 -- 16 : 30]

In the afternoon, enjoy leisure tour to Three Pagodas. The elegant, balanced and stately style is unique in China’s ancient Buddhist architectures, which makes it a must-see in the our of Dali. Hiking to the top is highly recommended where you can get full view of Dali old town and Erhai Lake. The Reflection Park is also a nice place to capture the classical photo with three Pagodas’ reflection.

[16 : 30 -- 17 : 30]

Back to the hotel and enjoy your free time at Dali Ancient Town. Unlike any other Chinese town, the traditional Bai ethnic folk houses give the town a distinctive feeling.

21. What might the tourists be doing at 11 : 00 on the second day?

A. Preparing for lunch. B. Relaxing in the hotel.

C. Going to the Stone Forest. D. Visiting the Flower and Bird Market.

22. What are the tourists recommended to do for evening activities in Kunming?

A. To watch Dynamic Yunnan. B. To enjoy the local food.

C. To buy handmade crafts. D. To wander about in the city.

23. Why are tourists recommended to hike to the top while visiting Dali?

A. Because it takes little effort to hike to the top.

B. Because they can get full view of the old town.

C. Because it is the only site to enjoy the scenery.

D. Because they can take pictures of the three pagodas.

B

When I was about 5 years old, I experienced my very first random act of kindness. I was sitting at the roadside one evening, crying alone for some reason when suddenly, a boy came up to me and gave me a plastic rose, I remember the moment when I took the rose from his hand; I was smiling from ear to ear, whispering “I want to be like him” to myself as I watched him walking away.

From then on, I made it as my life mission to do random acts of kindness whenever I can. I was very determined to make other people smile. That was the only reason why I joined my school’s Red Crescent Society and became a volunteer. Unfortunately, not everyone thinks in the same way as I did. Whenever I do something nice to others, people around me will start to judge my actions. Often I will just keep quiet and ignore what they say, but every once in a while, they do drive me up the wall.

These people like to complain about how humans nowadays are lacking of humanities and compassion. However, when they actually see somebody doing a good deed in front of them, they start to question and criticize that person’s honesty. Perhaps it is the increasing crime rate and the never-ending rat race that caused them to be so suspicious to nice strangers. In other words, people nowadays have lost sight of the real meaning of kindness and just let it go unnoticed. That is why I think random acts of kindness are really important. These selfless acts are not only capable of bringing joy to the recipients but also to the givers. Because of this, I want to help spread the idea of these random acts to the whale world. I want to show the people how the little things they give could make a big difference in someone else’s life.

24. What was the influence of the boy’s rose on the author?

A. It made the author feel ashamed. B. The author decided to follow suit.

C. The author said a lot to the boy. D. It gave the author strength and hope.

25. Why did the author join the school’s Red Crescent Society?

A. To be a volunteer. B. To live a happy life.

C. To make others smile. D. To have a good time.

26. Which can replace the underlined phrase in paragraph 2?

A. Make me very angry. B. Bring difficulty to me.

C. Force me to climb the wall. D. Force me to the dead corner.

27. What can be inferred from the third paragraph?

A. Rats are always running on the streets. B. Those who do good deeds are respected.

C. The author feels sad about other people. D. Trust between people is decreasing.

C

Corporate culture is the values and beliefs a company develops over time. The role of corporate culture is to improve a company’s mission and strategies, with long-term hopes of improvements in a company’s profit. Mostly corporate culture comes from a company’s top management.

One role of corporate culture is to influence employee behavior, honesty, and compliance(服從). A company does not have to necessarily create a direct influence for these actions. A direct influence may be a set of written regulations or other policies, and while these may be in place, the corporate culture is usually more of an indirect influence.

While many companies try to create corporate culture through the use of written policies, its role is harder to define. The human factor has an influence on how corporate culture is expressed. The way upper management acts and reacts to various situations defines how lower-level employees will act, and this aspect may be more important than any written policy.

A companys corporate culture can also extend beyond the walls of the business. Consumers who believe a company to be honest and forthright(直率)may be more loyal in their buying behavior. Employees in a company’s customer service department can also exhibit positive corporate culture to outside individuals. In this case, the culture creates a link between the company’s employees and its customers. How customers react may be a direct result from the company’s corporate culture.

Product quality can also be influenced by a company’s corporate culture. Companies that focus only on profits may decide to avoid high-quality materials in products, but try to suggest that the products are of higher quality than they really are. This negative culture can then result in lower brand loyalty with consumers.

28. What do we know about corporate culture from this passage?

A. It is a set of rules and regulations. B. It is the way the employees act.

C. It is the values and beliefs of a company. D. It is the long term hope of a company.

29. Which of the following is more efficient in creating corporate culture?

A. Making a set of rules and regulations. B. Setting an example for the employees.

C. Learning the corporate culture regularly. D. Encouraging the employees to work harder.

30. What can we infer from the fourth paragraph?

A. The customer is always right. B. Corporate culture has different functions.

C. Without corporate culture, a company will die. D. Positive corporate culture can promote sales.

31. Which word can describe the companies mentioned in the last paragraph?

A. Creative. B. Efficient. C. Dishonest. D. Disloyal.

D

Feelings often run high where insects are concerned, with many people even sick when seeing them, let alone touch or swallow them. And yet insects present a huge nutritional opportunity as an increasing global population seeks more sources of food and feed.

Insects have generally high levels of animal protein and key micronutrients with lower environmental footprints than traditional alternatives, and they can be raised on leftovers. But cultural, social and economic problems remain, reports an article published today in Nutrition Bulletin.

“Insects present a nutritional opportunity, but it is unclear how their nutritional quality is influenced by what they are fed,” says Darja Dobermann, a researcher at the University of Nottingham. “In ideal conditions, insects have a smaller environmental impact than most traditional western forms of animal protein; less known is how to raise insect production while maintaining these environmental benefits.

“Studies overall show that insects could make valuable economic and nutritional contributions to the food or feed systems, but there are no clear regulations in place to bring insects into such supply systems without them turning into a more expensive version of poultry(家禽)for food, says Dobermann.

The article highlights how insects have been a source of food for hundreds of years in more than 100 countries with over 2,000 species that can be eaten; in central Africa, up to 50% of dietary protein has come from insects, with their market value higher than many alternative sources of animal protein.

Insects need to be large enough to make the effort of catching them worthwhile and easy to locate, preferably in predictably large quantities. They are consumed at various life stages, as raw, fried, boiled, roasted or ground food.

32. Which of the following is the advantage of raising insects for food?

A. It will offer people work opportunities. B. It is environmentally friendly.

C. It will replace traditional food. D. It will result in less leftovers

33. What can be inferred from Dobermann’s words?

A. Raising insects for food has become popular.

B. Raising insects can’t solve food problems.

C. More should be done to raise insects for food.

D. More money can be made by raising insects.

34. What does the underlined word in paragraph 4 stand for?

A. Insects. B. Regulations.

C. Feed systems. D. Supply systems.

35. Which is the possible title of this passage?

A. How to Raise Insects B. Raising Insects for Money

C. Insects Seem No Longer Ugly D. A New Source of Food

第二節(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。

Helpful Swimming Tips for Dogs

Introduce your dog to the water.

Slowly and patiently bring your dog closer to the water, kneel down next to your dog and play in the water with your hands. If your dog observes that you are not afraid of it, it will calm itself. Then slowly bring your dog to the stairs leading into the pool. Add a few fun pool toys or their favorite toys to the pool.    36   

Use a life vest.

When your dog is just getting used to the water and learning how to swim, use a life vest.    37    Remember all dogs are not swimmers; some need to be taught. You can purchase a life vest specifically created for dogs at your local pet supply store, online, or wherever dog supplies are sold.

   38   

Dogs have a habit of tasting things all around them.    39    Pool water is full of chlorineand other chemicals that keep pool water clean and free of harmful bacteria. Although the water is safe to swim in, it’s not recommended for drinking. Watch your dog and stop them from drinking the pool water.

Allow your dog to swim.

Once your dog is accustomed to the water, allow it to swim for short 20-second intervals. First, lowly guide it into the pool by holding it gently. Then release your hands just a little bit and its natural instinct will make it start dog paddling.    40    Once your dog gets used to swimming, it will happily swim for longer intervals at a time.

A. Don’t let your dog drink pool water.

B. It will give them a sense of security.

C. Stop your dog from fearing the water.

D. But they don’t know what’s healthy for them and what’s not.

E. Play with your dog in the water for a while and they will like water.

F. It shows your dog that swimming is meant for fun and playtime.

G. Allow this to happen for twenty seconds and then return them on the pool steps.

第三部分 語言知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)

第一節(共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)

閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的ABCD四個選項中,選出可以填入空白處的最佳選項。

Nowadays, we have come dangerously close to accepting the homeless situation as a problem that we just cant solve. So in order to raise    41    for the homeless situation, we    42    a kind of “street theatre last week.

The project took to the streets where about thirty of us    43    our duty as citizens. The evening was filled with heart-aching,    44    music performed by some of us, which    45    a sad environment. Some of the others played the role of   46    people and the rest built a “human wall” where everyone had cardboards with pictures and quotes   47    from their necks.

All of this    48   ·passers-by, making them enveloped by the surrounding    49    and forcing them to reflect on this social injustice.

The response of the “public” went beyond our    50   . Many people    51    us to comment that they were touched by our    52    act. What was more, and what    53    moved us, were two people who shared their life stories with us. One of them was a (n)    54    who had moved from country to country    55    finding a better life and a job that would last for more than a week.    56   , she settled in this city, where though she felt at home, she was    57    for the last three years. So she was in extreme    58   . The emotion was running so high that she couldn’t control the    59   , finally letting herself be    60    by the warm embrace of a student, a human, an equal in all senses of the word.

41. A. money B. awareness C. children D. problem

42. A. organized B. built C. bought D. decorated

43. A. remembered B. treated C. performed D. learned

44. A. eye-catching B. heart-warming C. peace-loving D. soul-touching

45. A. created B. protected C. broke D. changed

46. A. rich B. homeless C. passing D. famous

47. A. dropping B. breaking C. coming D. hanging

48. A. pleased B. surprised C. attracted D. frightened

49. A. music B. environment C. people D. pictures

50. A. expectation B. understanding C. power D. control

5l. A. approached B. left C. watched D. encouraged

52. A. wonderful B. clumsy C. simple D. selfless

53. A. hardly B. nearly C. really D. partly

54. A. beggar B. woman C. volunteer D. actor

55. A. in honor of B. in case of C. in the hope of D. in need of

56. A. Eventually B. Generally C. Slowly D. Lastly

57. A. respected B. unaccepted C. unemployed D. abused

58. A. relief B. pain C. poverty D. anger

59. A. speed B. tears C. story D. results

60. A. comforted B. hugged C. trusted D. taken

第二節(共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)

閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

Ever wonder why you long for sugar    61    the sight of your favorite candy wrapper? Have you ever been in the situation    62    you are eager for sugar even when you aren’t    63    (hunger)? If you’ve ever wondered why you long for sugar, the answer is simple; sugar is addictive. And sugar addiction is more common than you would think.

Sugar addiction is one of the most common    64    (type) of food addictionit is so hidden that, often, we don’t even know it is there. So far, many studies    65    (show) that sugar is one of the most tasty and addictive foods and, with this knowledge, food manufacturers often use large amounts of it in foods we don’t even consider    66    (be) sweet.

There are several ways in which sugar is addictive. According to research    67    (perform) by David A. Kessler, former Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, sugar shares several characteristics with addictive drugs. In addition to being    68    (high) tasty, sugar has a high “hedonic value”,    69    (mean) you experience pleasure when you eat it. It also means that    70    more you do it, the more you want to do it.

第四部分 寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)

第一節 短文改錯(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)

假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(∧),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

刪除:把多余的詞用(\)劃掉。

修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。

注意: 1. 每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

2. 只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分,

I am Li Hua. Learn that you are looking for a part-time guide during the summer vacation, I think I’m suitable for it. Ever since middle school, I had been dreaming of working as a guide. Beside, I am quite familiar with places of interest in my city and famous food as well as. Since I always pay special attention to practicing my speaking English, I can express myself in English free. What’s more, communicating is only the piece of cake for me, that makes it easy for me to make friends with others. I am really proud of my city but desire to show visitors around. I would appreciate if you could give me a chance.

第二節 書面表達(滿分25分)

假定你是李華,你所在的城鎮正在大力發展文化旅游。為了吸引外國游客,請你給英國筆友Harvey寫封信,介紹你所在的城鎮,并邀請他來旅游。

概況

位于中國北部,距離北京200公里

景色特點

1. 擁有許多古建筑、寺廟、古塔(pagoda)

2. 寺廟里的建筑風格獨特,多為全國孤例,壁畫(mural)精美

注意:  l. 詞數100左右;

2. 可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

百校聯盟2018屆TOP20四月聯考(全國Ⅰ卷)

英語試題答案

1-10 ABBCA 5-10 CABAB 11-15 CAACB 16-20 CABAC

21-25 DABBC 26-30 ADCBD 31-35 CBCAD 36-40 FBADG 41-45 BACDA

46-50 BDCBA 51-55 ADCBC 56-60 ACCBA 61. at 62. where 63. hungry

64. types 65. have shown 66. to be 67. performed 68. highly 69. meaning 70. the

短文改錯

I am Li Hua. Learn that you are looking for a part-time guide during the summer vacation, I think I’m suitable

                   Learning

for it. Ever since middle school, I had been dreaming of working as a guide. Beside, I am quite familiar with places

                                                     have                                                            Besides

of interest in my city and famous food as well as. Since I always pay special attention to practicing my speaking 

                                    刪除as                                                                                spoken

English, I can express myself in English free. What’s more, communicating is only the piece of cake for me,

                                                                freely                                                              a

that makes it easy for me to make friends with others. I am really proud of my city but desire to show visitors

which                                                                                                                              and

around. I would appreciate ? if you could give me a chance.

                      it

作文

One possible version:

Dear Harvey,

I am writing to tell you something about my hometown, which is now making every effort to develop its tourism.

Located in the north of China, only 200 kilometers south of Beijing, my hometown is famous for its long history and brilliant culture. There are many ancient residential buildings dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Several temples and pagodas are more than 1,000 years old. Some pagodas and Buddha halls were specially built and you can not see this kind of buildings in other parts of China. The murals in the temples are fine and beautiful. In short, my hometown is well worth a visit.

I sincerely invite you to my hometown if it is convenient.

Yours,

Li Hua

 

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