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貴州省2018年高中英語試題及答案

時間:2018-04-28來源:網絡  山西高考

貴州省2018年高中英語試題及答案

貴州省2018年普通高等學校招生適應性考試

英語

第一部分閱讀理解(共兩節,滿分40分)

第一節(共15小題;每小題2分,滿分30分)

    閱讀下列短文,從每題所給的A. B.CD四個選項中,選出最佳選項。

A

    There's an offer for everyone, everyday with no hidden catch!

    Did you know that you can enjoy London for a lot less when you travel by train? It's simple-just jump on the train to the Capital with a friend and you'll get 2FORl entry at loads of top attractions, theaters, restaurants, galleries, museums, tours and events!

The Coca-Cola London Eye

    Discover the view you'll never forget as you soar above the fantastic London skyline and

see all that this amazing city has to offer.

    2FORl: ~26.00

    OFFER TIMES: Check website for opening times

    Price subject to change

    Voucher can be used everyday except the following dates at the London Eye:

    27 May-4 June, 22 July-31 August and 21-310ctober

London Bridge Experience & London Tombs

    The London Bridge Experience, crowned "Best Guided Tour", and London Tombs, crowned "The World's Best Honor Attraction", is a two-part vivid theatrical show, bringing together history and horror, education and fun.

      2FORl: ~27.95

        OFFER TIMES: Mon.-Fri. 10:00-17:00 / Sat.-Sun. 09:30-18:00

        During the Summer and half-term, we operate a door policy of09:30 and first show 10:00.

St Paul's Cathedral

        St Paul's Cathedral, with its famous dome (圓屋頂), is England's architectural masterpiece  and place of national celebration.

           On Sundays the Cathedral is open for worship only.

       2FORl: $18.00

       OFFER TIMES: Mon.-Sat. 08:30-16:30     Galleries 09:30-16:15     Last admission 16:00

        Check website for any further closures or price changes.

Westminster Abbey

      Kings, queens, statesmen and soldiers; poets, priests and heroes-Westminster Abbey is a must-see living exhibition of British history. On Sundays and religious holidays such as Easter and Christmas, the Abbey is open for worship only.

       2FORl: $22.00

       OFFER TIMES: Mon.-Sat. 09:30-15:30     Last admission 14:30

       The Abbey is a working place of worship and is therefore sometimes closed for special services and events. Check website before visiting.

1. What can tourists do at The Coca-Cola London Eye?

    A. See the amazing skyline.                       B. Watch an interesting vivid show.

   C. Visit St Paul's Cathedral.                      D. Enjoy a real-life performance.

2. When is St Paul's Cathedral available?

    A. At 09:30 0n Sunday.                          B. At 18:00 0n Thursday.

    C. At 08:00 0n Monday.                          D. At 10:20 0n Wednesday.

3. One of the things that make Westminster Abbey a tourist attraction is              .

     A. its galleries                           B. its show of British history

    C. its price                             D. its dramatic performance

4. For 2 couples visiting St Paul's Cathedral, they have to pay at least _        .

   A. $26.00               B. $55.90                   C. $36.00            D. $27.95

                              B

     If guilt could talk, it would say:  "How dare you do the things you do when others never get a chance to enjoy them!"

       Last week, I'd just been told that my eyes were perfect at the doctor's office. I was so happy Then the guilt hit.

        My younger brother was born blind. If his blindness ever weighed him down, he never let it  show. But I grew up carrying the weight of it on my shoulders. When my first husband died of cancer, I kept asking myself why I got to go on living and he didn't.

       The problem with blaming ourselves for things that aren't our fault is that it blinds us to beauty and numbs (使麻木 ) us to life.  It hurts, not just us, but everyone close to us. And yet how do we make it stop?

      I still don't know the answer to this, but what I've learned so far is: Guilt is a feeling begging to be an action. It doesn't want you to feel bad. It wants you to move.

         So I do. I try to act in a way that turns guilt into honor. To honor my brother, I try to see everything he can't. To honor my late husband, I try to be alive in ways he used to be. I delight in family, friends, people in general, and all the crazy things they do. And I say "yes" to every chance I get to learn and be alive.

       Instead of addicting to guilt, I see for someone who will never see. And I live well for  someone who is no longer alive. I do it for them. But mostly I do it for me. It's not easy to see  the world with all its glories and faults, or to be alive in all the ways life demands. But it's a lot  more fun than feeling bad.

 5. What does the underlined word "It" in paragraph 5 refer to?

 A.Beauty.      B.Action.       C.Life.        D.Guilt.

 6. What does blaming ourselves bring about?

    A. Letting us enjoy beauty.                   B. Objecting to others for everything.

     C. Hurting people around us.               D. Making us feel delighted in everything.

 7. What is the author's attitude towards her life?

     A. Doubtful.             B. Guilty.              C. Indifferent.          D. Active.

 8. What is the best title for the text?

     A. Changing Action into Honor                     B. Turning Guilt into Fun

    C. Letting Blindness Show                         D. Going on Living

                              C

        Robotics is an amazing branch of technological advancement that studies the creation and modification(改進) of robots. A robot is a mechanical invention that is able to be programmed to carry out tasks. Essentially, robots are machines that can do basic jobs all on their own. Robots have become more advanced over the years, being able to carry out more complicated functions than before.

       Even though robotics is a technological branch of study, it also borrows information from  engineering and the sciences as well. Robots are automated, meaning they carry out different   operations on their own.

       So far, we know now that robotics is a branch of study. This branch focuses on robots and programming them to carry out different functions. However, what is still unclear is what robots are used for.

        Robots carry out tasks that were previously orchestrated by humans. Robots were designed  to take over jobs that were very repetitive and even jobs that posed great threats and dangers. By  collecting basic parts together and even carrying out tasks that put human life at risk, robots have been created to make life easier for humankind. Because of the success of this field of study, space agencies now use robots to explore the moon, Mars, and other parts of space.

    There seem to be many advantages of robotics but there are disadvantages as well. To design, assemble, and programme a robot takes time as well as expertise. Robotics is a very expensive branch of technology so any faults or malfunctions(故障) can be very costly in the long run.

     Robots also can make human input unnecessary. Robots seem to have overtaken some employment that was only for people. This has resulted in job loss. However, robots have only undertaken jobs that were unfit and unsafe for people to do. The costing has been listed as the biggest disadvantage for robotics.

 9. What do we learn about Robotics from the text?

       A. It's an area related to engineering and science.

       B.  It's a branch of technological economics.

       C. It's automated to write programmes.

       D. It's used for the creation of life.

 10. What does the underlined word "orchestrated" in paragraph 4 mean?

      A. Studied.                               B. Explored.

      C. Organized.                                D. Accepted.

 11. What do we know about the field of robotic research from Paragraph 4?

       A. It is booming.                                 B. It is dangerous.

       C. It is complex.                                   D. It is repetitive.

12. What does the author say about the biggest weakness for the robotics?

     A. Difficult design.                          B. Unsafe programme.

       C. High-cost input.                     D. Complex functions.

                            D

     Music is a booming and respected industry in today's world. Karaoke, concerts, music based game shows and online streaming all give us access to this extremely important form of

entertainment.

      The music awards is a ceremonious event that commemorates(慶祝) artists and singers on their outstanding music based performance over the past year. Bands, pop idols, and musical legends are all celebrated during a luxury musical evening. The awards ceremony recognizes and congratulates different artists and their contribution to the music industry. Artists and singers create and compose a lot of new music in the hope of being recognized and nominated(提名) for this admired event.

     There are different awards that are given out at these musical ceremonies. Based on the different music genres(流派) and the different geniuses that are in this industry, there are diverse categorical based awards given out. Music awards give out trophies (獎杯) and recognition for the best album of the year, the best new artist as well as the best songs in the different musical categories. Boy bands, icons and pop singers all have an opportunity to win a prize at this event.

      The voting and nomination process can be quite laborious. First of all, the committee in charge of hosting the event needs to determine which singers meet the criteria for the awards. The criteria includes the type of songs they sing, how successful their songs are and how well known they are to the public. After choosing a smaller number of artists for each category, the names are given to the public who then vote for their favorite within each category. The voting process ends just before the music awards, where the votes are counted and the results are finalized.

13, Who cannot get the chance to be honored at the music awards?

      A. Karaoke idols.                               B. Pop singers.

     C. Music composers.                             D. Music bands.

14. Which of the following is the last step of the voting process?

     A. Counting the votes.

     B. Finalizing the results.

     C. Choosing some of the artists.

     D. Announcing the list of candidates.

15. What is the text mainly about?

      A. The popular songs in the musical categories.

     B. Different music genres and different artists.

      C. Music, a booming and respected industry.

      D. An introduction to music awards.

第二節(共5小題;每小題2分,滿分10分)

    根據短文內容,從短文后的選項中選出能填入空白處的最佳選項。選項中有兩項為多余選項。

    Love is not a simple emotion. We love our parents, our children, our family, friends and boyfriends or girlfriends, and we love each person differently. How do we express love?

    In his book The Five Languages of Love, Gary Chapman explains that we give and receive love in five ways.    1 6    When two people speak different love languages, they can be unhappy because they don't understand each other. To form strong relationships, we need to understand how we express love and how the one we love expresses their love, too. So, what are the five love languages?

Words of confirmation

    This love language uses words to show love.‘‘I love you.", "You look good in that dress.", “    17    ”,‘‘I really like how you're always on time."...

Quality time

    It means giving someone our full attention. Not watching television together, but talking and listening to each other.    18

-Receiving gifts

    A present tells us:‘‘He (or she) was thinking about me."    19    Perhaps you give them a chocolate or a fresh chestnut they like will move them more.

Acts of service

    “    20    ”People who speak this love language do things for you, for example: cleaning the house, emptying the dishwasher, organizing a trip, etc.

Physical touch

    Stroking, kissing, holding hands, hugs…without these, people who speak a"physical touch language" will feel unloved.

    We all are loved, but sometimes we just don't know it.That's because we don't understand  other people's love languages.

    A. These words will build one's confidence.

    B. The gift does not have to be expensive.

    C. What type of love are you receiving?

    D. Or just you two going for a walk.

    E. Actions speak louder than words.

    F. You can always make me laugh.

    G. Each way is a "love language".

第二部分英語知識運用(共兩節,滿分45分)

第一節(共20小題;每小題1.5分,滿分30分)

    閱讀下面短文,從短文后各題所給的A. B.CD四個選項中,選出可以填入空白

處的最佳選項。

    After Richard and Molly Wilson lost their 16-year-old son, Sam, to suicide in 2013, the last thing on their minds was    21for the holiday  season.  "We haven't put anything    22    in three years."

    But in December 2016, the house  was  lit  up    23  .However, it wasn't the Wilsons who'd finally made the house twinkle.    24  ,it was a stranger, 30-year-old John Wayne, who   25    1ights professionally through his business. John is devoted t0    26    me lives of families affected by suicide, especially during the  27  holiday season and it works.

    John has been donating his light-stringing    28    since 2015 and has decorated the houses of over twenty    29    so far. When he arrives at a home to hang lights, he'll knock on the door    30    the family his plan, but if everyone is away, he'll put up the lights as a(n)   31  ,taking the decoration into his experienced hands and    32    the color he thinks would have  33 the deceased(過世的).

    John started the project  34  .He was hanging lights on a(n)  35  home when the  owner36that some neighbors were having a hard time because their son had recently died  by suicide. Suddenly, John had an epiphany(頓晤).I sent my staff there to decorate that house too," he says. The family was  37  .

    In fact, he had two friends who had died by suicide and had always wished he could ease the pain for their loved ones. Now he    38    a way. "There's something special about  Christmas lights. They  39  the spirit."

    John knows his efforts can't completely lift the  40rom these families, but he can  make the holidays a little cheerier.

21. A. cleaning    B.donating    C.decorating    D.partying

 22. A. down    B.away    C.back    D.up

 23. A. cheerfully    B.amazingly    C.actually    D_brightly

 24. A. Thus    B.Instead    C.Anyway    D.Though

25.A.fixes    B.decorates    C.hangs    D.picks

26.A.saving    B.brightening    C.celebrating    D.amusing

27.A.difficult    B.traditional    C.inspiring    D.boring

28.A.performance    B.education    C.deals    D.services

29.A.families    B.members    C.friends    D.neighbors

30.A.to show    B.to give    C.to tell    D.to report

31.A.award    B.apology    C.challenge    D.surprise

32.A.changing    B.buying    C.picking    D.painting

33.A.hurt    B.amazed    C.hit    D.pleased

34.A.by chance    B.by mistake    C.by choice    D_by promise

35.A.  client's    B.partner's    C.employee's    D.employer's

36.A.was surprised    B.mentioned    C.was told    D.heard

37.A.disappointed    B.delighted    C.awkward    D.ashamed

38.A.had led    B.had passed    Chad found    D.had followed

39.A.guide    B.believe    C.obey    D.warm

40.A.burdens    B.sorrow    C.worries    D.anger

第二節(共10小題;每小題1.5分,滿分15分)

    閱讀下面短文,在空白處填入1個適當的單詞或括號內單詞的正確形式。

    Costa Rica is the perfect year-round destination for nature and adventure lovers.    4 1  no true seasons, the sun shines all year and usually the temperature won't drop below 20 degrees  even in the cooler months. The long-standing commitment in Costa Rica to protecting wildlife  and  42(promote) green living has attracted international interest from those  43    are  appealed by  44  (it)inventive and revolutionary approach to sustainability(可持續性).

    Any visitor    45    (present) with plenty of nice scenery; lush rain forests and towering  volcanoes await, while in    46    capital city San Jose, there's a wealth of architectural and   47    (culture) treasures, including world-class museums, galleries, presidential palaces  and dazzling public    48    (garden). The nature reserves span(跨越)over 25 percent of  Costa Rica's land and  49    (be) home to a variety of wildlife-observant visitors have a  chance 50  (catch) sight of some of Costa Rica's more endangered species, including sloths (樹懶)and jaguars(美洲虎).

第三部分寫作(共兩節,滿分35分)

第一節短文改錯(共10小題;每小題1分,滿分10分)

    假定英語課上老師要求同桌之間交換修改作文,請你修改你同桌寫的以下作文。文中

共有10處語言錯誤,每句中最多有兩處。每處錯誤僅涉及一個單詞的增加、刪除或修改。

    增加:在缺詞處加一個漏字符號(八),并在其下面寫出該加的詞。

    刪除:把多余的詞用斜線()劃掉。

    修改:在錯的詞下劃一橫線,并在該詞下面寫出修改后的詞。

    注意:1.每處錯誤及其修改均僅限一詞;

    2.只允許修改10處,多者(從第11處起)不計分。

    What I never understood in elementary school was how my dad would always tell me go on

the bus last. At first I believe he merely wanted me to be respect to others by letting them go on

first. Now I realized he just wanted to spend as more time as possible with me. As others were

boarding a bus, my father whispered,‘‘ Behaving, son.1 love you." I responded,“Dad,1 love you

too.” I then went on the bus and quickly hurried into my usually seat. I looked at the window and

surely my father's hand was already there. And I put my hand in front of him. Even though there

was a glass window between us, but my mind was calm and full of love.

第二節書面表達(滿分25分)

    假定你是李華,計劃和同學去孔學堂(Confucius School)參加活動,請給你的留學生

朋友Peter寫封郵件,邀請他一同前往,內容包括:

    1.出發時間及地點;

    2.內容:聽講座、討論、表演等;

    3.意義:學習、傳播、交流等。

注意:

    1.詞數100左右;

    2.可以適當增加細節,以使行文連貫。

貴州省2018年普通高等學校招生適應性考試

英語參考答案

第一部分:

1A    2D    3B    4C    5D 6C    7D    8B9.A    10C

11A    l2C13.A    14B    l5D 16G    l7F    18D    l9B    20E

第二部分:

第一節

21C    22D23.A    24B    25C 26B27.A    28D    29A    30C

31D    32C    33D    34A35.A 36B    37B    38C    39D    40B

第二節

41. With    42.promoting    43.who    44.its    45.is presented  46. the    47.cultural    48.gardens    49.are    50.to catch

第三部分:

第一節

第三部分
What I never understood in elementary school was
how my dad would always tell me A go on  the bus last. At first I

                                                 why
 believe he merely wanted me to be respect to others by letting them go on  first. Now I realized he just wanted to     believed                          respectful
spend as
more time as possible with me. As others were  boarding a bus, my father whispered, "Behaving, son. I love 
         much                                                    the                           Behave
you. " I responded, "Dad, Itoo. "I then went on the bus and quickly hurried into my
usually seat. I looked at the

                                                                                      usual  

window and  surely my father's hand was already there. And I put my hand in front of him. Even though there  was a

                                                                                     his  

glass window between us, but my mind was calm and full of love.
第二節略

 

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